The WORD Test 3 Elementary

Ages: 6-0 through 11-11
Testing Time: 30 minutes
Administration: Individual

The WORD Test 3 Elementary assesses a student's ability to recognize and express semantic attributes critical to vocabulary growth and language competency. Current research clearly supports the impact each task on this test has on academic and reading competency. You will understand how your students attach meaning to words and why they might be struggling in the classroom.

The six subtests of The WORD Test 3 Elementary measure skills that correlate with word mastery, reading comprehension, and overall academic success. Test items are from the curriculum, including language arts, social studies, math, health, and science. There are fifteen tasks in each subtest.


  • Associations—choose one semantically-unrelated word from among four and explain the choice in relation to the common category of the other three words
  • Synonyms—give a one-word synonym for each stimulus word
  • Semantic Absurdities—identify and repair an absurd statement
  • Antonyms—give a one-word opposite for each stimulus word
  • Definitions—state the definition of words that include critical attributes
  • Flexible Word Use—give multiple meanings for words

Examiner Qualifications: The test should only be administered by a trained professional familiar with language disorders (e.g.,speech-language pathologist, psychologist, teacher of the learning disabled, special education consultant).

Test Procedures:

  • Each task begins with a demonstration item.
  • All test items are presented verbally in a conversational style to the students.
  • Each task is presented in its entirety to every student.

Scoring/Types of Scores:

  • Each response receives a 1 for a correct response or a 0 for an incorrect response
  • Allowable prompts and acceptable responses are listed on the test form
  • Correct and incorrect response examples are listed in the test manual
  • Raw scores for each subtest and the total test can be converted to:
    • Age Equivalents
    • Percentile Ranks
    • Standard Scores

Discussion of Performance: The Discussion of Performance section in the Examiner's Manual guides the examiner to make appropriate and educationally-relevant recommendations for intervention based on a clear understanding of each task. There are examples of how weaknesses are exhibited in the classroom and instructional suggestions to assist with intervention planning based on current research and best-practice strategies.

The importance of learning Tier 2 vocabulary is given prominent attention in this section. Research and intervention strategies tied to this preeminent research can increase the effectiveness of your therapy plan.

Standardization and Statistics: The Word Test 3 Elementary was standardized on 1,302 subjects. Demographics reflect the national school population from the most recent National Census for race, gender, age, socioeconomic status (SES), and educational placement.

  • Reliability—established by the use of the following for all subtests and the total test at all age levels:
    • SEM
    • Inter-Rater Reliability
    • Test-Retest
    • Reliability Based on Item Homogeneity (KR20)

The test-retest coefficient is .91 for the total test, the SEM is 4.10 for the total test and the KR20 coefficient is .94. Inter-Rater reliability is 93% for the total test. This is considered highly satisfactory.

Validity—established by the use of construct and contrasted group validity.

  • Contrast Groups (t-values): test discriminates between subjects typical language development and subjects with language disorders
  • Point Biserial Correlations
  • Subtest Intercorrelations
  • Correlations Between Subtests and Total Test

Results revealed highly satisfactory levels of item consistency (87%). Internal consistency estimates are clearly satisfactory. The test significantly discriminates between contrasted groups for every subtest and the total test. These results are highly satisfactory and substantiates that the test differentiates students with language disorders from students with typical language development.

Race/Socioeconomic Group Difference Analyses—conducted at the item and subtest levels. The analysis of performance differences among race/socioeconomic groups was conducted at the subtest level.

  • Z-tests Chi Square analysis at the subtest level
  • Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) F-tests

There are three Chi Squares out of 30 that are significant—one at the median, one at the 25th percentile, and one at the 75th percentile. The results of the two-factor ANOVA involving race and SES showed 56 of the 72 statistical tests for race and SES combinations, there were no significant differences. Some significant differences occurred in 16 of the 72 analyses. None of the race by SES interactions reached statistical significance. Neither race nor SES has a major impact on The WORD Test 3 Elementary.

Complete Set includes: examiner's manual, 20 test forms (© 2014).


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